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2014年9月18日 (木)

スコットランド起源のもの

スコットランドの,UKからの独立是非の住民投票が,今日18日に実施されます。

スコットランドを考えると,日本で 普通 英国起源と思われている服飾関係(素材,柄,デザイン)に,スコットランド起源のものが多くあることに気が付きます。
思いつくものを挙げてみました。説明は Wikipedia 引用です。

【Shetland Wool】(シェトランド・ウール)
   The wool produced by the Shetland has historically been a valuable commodity. Shetlands produce numerous shades of wool colours , and this variety was commercially important to the wool industry of the Shetland Isles, where natural wools are often used undyed. 

【Harris Tweed】(ハリス・ツィード)
   Harris Tweed is a cloth that has been handwoven by islanders at their homes in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland, finished in the Outer Hebrides, and made from pure virgin wool dyed and spun in the Outer Hebrides.

【Inverness Coat】(インヴァネス・コート)
   The Inverness coat is a type of formal overcoat, with long open sleeves, in day or night variations. The Inverness coat was fashionable in the Victorian and Edwardian periods. The black evening version is the most formal overcoat from the era, and was worn with white tie, while the day version was often in tweed or other less formal fabrics. There is no full cape at the back, with the long "wings" on either side being large draping sleeves.

【Tartan (Check)】(タータン・チェック)
   Tartan is a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colours. Tartans originated in woven wool, but now they are made in many other materials. Tartan is particularly associated with Scotland. Scottish kilts almost always have tartan patterns. Tartan is often called plaid in North America, but in Scotland, a plaid is a tartan cloth slung over the shoulder as a kilt accessory, or a plain ordinary blanket such as one would have on a bed.

【Argyle (occasionally argyll) pattern】(アーガイル柄)
    The argyle pattern is derived from the tartan of Clan Campbell, of Argyll in western Scotland, used for kilts and plaids, and from the patterned socks worn by Scottish Highlanders since at least the 17th century. These were generally known as “tartan hose”.

【Houndstooth】(ハウンドトゥース/千鳥格子)
   Houndstooth checks originated in woven wool cloth of the Scottish Lowlands, but are now used in many other materials.

【Glen plaid】 (グレン・プレイド)
   The name is taken from the valley of Glenurquhart in Inverness-shire, Scotland, where the checked wool was first used in the 19th century by the New Zealand-born countess of Seafield to outfit her gamekeepers, though the name glen plaid does not appear before 1926. Glen plaid is sometimes nicknamed the Prince of Wales check, as it was popularized by the Duke of Windsor when Prince of Wales.

【Kilt】(キルト)
   The kilt is a knee-length garment with pleats at the rear, originating in the traditional dress of men and boys in the Scottish Highlands of the 16th century. Since the 19th century it has become associated with the wide culture of Scotland in general, or with Celtic (and more specifically Gaelic) heritage even more broadly. It is most often made of woollen cloth in a tartan pattern.

【Fair Isle】(フェア・アイル)
   Fair Isle is a traditional knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours. It is named after Fair Isle, a tiny island in the north of Scotland, that forms part of the Shetland islands. Fair Isle knitting gained a considerable popularity when the Prince of Wales (later to become Edward VIII) wore Fair Isle tank tops in public in 1921. Traditional Fair Isle patterns have a limited palette of five or so colours, use only two colours per row, are worked in the round, and limit the length of a run of any particular colour.

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